Combat & Casualty Care

Q2 2016

Military Magazines in the United States and Canada, Covering Combat and Casualty Care, first responders, rescue and medical products programs and news\Tactical Defense Media

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tacticaldefensemedia.com Combat & Casualty Care | Summer 2016 | 31 Command Profile USARIEM The U.S. Army's Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) conducts wide-scope evaluation of effects on human performance from psychological to physical. By Kelly Field, Public Affairs Officer, USARIEM T he U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) is a unique organization within the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC). USAMRMC's vision is to deliver the best medical solutions to enhance, protect, treat and heal personnel. Since 1961, USARIEM, has been the DoD's premier research organization for warfighter Performance and Environmental Medicine, providing support to America's military at home and abroad. USARIEM's mission is to provide solutions to optimize warfighter health and performance through medical research. Beginning in the 1980s USARIEM scientists have conducted research on the interactive effects of environmental stressor, nutrition, physical fitness, and the demands of Army operations on psychological functioning, operational effectiveness and the health and morale of Army personnel. Today USARIEM remains the DoD's premier institution for human performance optimization research with a sharp focus devoted to Soldier readiness. USARIEM conducts this research mission through four unique, but collaborative divisions; Biophysics and Biomedical Modeling, Military Nutrition, Military Performance and Thermal and Mountain Medicine with the objective of enhancing performance and protecting military personnel from operational stress and exposure to extremes in heat, cold and altitude. Soldier Readiness at the Fore The Biophysics and Biomedical Modeling Division develops biomedical models and networked, real-time physiological sensor systems that accurately predict metabolic cost, thermal strain, and health threats to Soldiers enduring the physical challenges of load and extreme environments. Research focus areas include validated physiologic predictive models, Real Time Physiological Status Monitoring systems and decision aids for assessing clothing ensembles for cold weather endurance. The Military Nutrition Division conducts research that provides a biomedical science basis for developing new rations, menus, policies and programs that enable warfighter health-readiness and optimal performance. Research focus areas include recovery nutrition, healthy eating, dietary supplement and physiological resilience. The Military Performance Division develops knowledge and materiel to maximize and sustain warfighter physical and cognitive performance, and prevent, mitigate, and recover from musculoskeletal injury. Research focus areas include maximizing the performance and physiological capacities of Soldiers, assessing and optimizing cognitive performance of the military population and reducing musculoskeletal injuries The Thermal and Mountain Medicine Division focuses on the ways in which harsh environmental conditions including heat, cold, high altitude, alone or combined with operational stressors, degrade physical and cognitive performance and induce acute injuries and long-term disabilities. Research focus areas include risk assessments and accurate predictive models of environmental stressors, countermeasures to mitigate the risks (i.e., hydration, acclimation procedures, pharmaceuticals, etc.) and real-time individual physiological monitoring to optimize performance and mitigate injury. Networking with Industry USARIEM's unique capabilities combined with an ideal location in New England and a staff with diverse backgrounds helps to foster partnerships with industry, academia and other Federal organizations. USARIEM is a critical partner with Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center in its evaluation and development of Soldier equipment, clothing and rations. Recent collaborations include partnering for the development of COMRAD, an on-line database of nutrients in all soldier rations, and participating as a study partner for body-worn micro-climate cooling systems for aircrews. In support of research goals, USARIEM has developed a wide network of external collaborators. USARIEM is currently working with MIT Lincoln Laboratory on an integrated body-worn bio sensor (ruggedized, ultra-low power, open system architected), enabling real-time physical & cognitive status predictions. Additionally USARIEM has a partnership with Brigham and Women's Hospital, in Boston, and MIT Lincoln Laboratory to study multi-modal biomarkers for distinguishing post-traumatic stress disorder and mild traumatic brain injury. FULL-SPECTRUM HOLISTIC CARE Dr. Beth Beidlemen of the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, holds an Android-based smartphone to demonstrate the capability of the Altitude Readiness Management System. (Photo by Dave Kamm, NSRDEC)

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